PEP Partner

Building EU-UN Coherence in Mission Planning & Mandate Design

Author(s): 
Thierry Tardy
Richard Gowan
Date Published: 
November 13, 2014

Just over five years ago, relations between the EU and UN were strained due to the difficulties of planning and implementing coordinated missions in Chad and Kosovo. Today, relations are considerably more cordial, but there is still room to improve the two organizations’ joint planning procedures. This paper aims to assess what has been achieved in the field of planning coordination and what the remaining challenges are; it also makes some suggestions for further action.

Perceptions Of Security Among Internally Displaced Persons In Juba, South Sudan

Author(s): 
Aditi Gorur
Date Published: 
September 25, 2014

This brief synthesizes voices of internally displaced persons seeking protection at United Nations peacekeeping operation bases in Juba, South Sudan. In early August 2014, the Stimson Center conducted seven focus groups with people living in two protection of civilians (POC) sites inside UN bases in Juba. The purpose of these focus groups was to understand better how people living in these sites perceived their security. A summary of the findings is presented in this report.

Engineering Peace: The Critical Role of Engineers in UN Peacekeeping

Author(s): 
Arthur Boutellis
Adam Smith
Date Published: 
February 3, 2014

Although engineering may be the least critically analyzed aspect of peacekeeping, it is one of the most crucial elements to the functioning of a UN peace operation. This report details the various roles that engineers play in UN peace operations and examines the type of engineering capacities available to a mission.

Peacekeeping Reimbursements: Key Topics for the Next COE Working Group

Author(s): 
Bianca Selway
Date Published: 
December 12, 2013

In preparation for the first meeting in three years of the United Nations Contingent-Owned Equipment System (COE) Working Group, which takes place in January 2014, this brief analyzes the key issues under discussion and explains the procedural challenges ahead.

Police in UN Peacekeeping: Improving Selection, Recruitment, and Deployment

Author(s): 
William J. Durch
Michelle Ker
Date Published: 
November 8, 2013

In the past two decades, United Nations police (UNPOL) have become an increasingly visible and important part of UN peacekeeping. Second only to military peacekeepers in numbers, about 12,600 UN police served in UN peace operations in mid-2013. Their roles have evolved over the decades from observing and reporting to mentoring, training, reforming, operating alongside, and occasionally standing in for local police as a post-war government is re-established with international help.

Community Perceptions as a Priority in Protection and Peacekeeping

Author(s): 
Alison Giffen
Date Published: 
October 17, 2013

Perceptions influence judgment, decision-making and action. They inform an individual’s decision to flee from or submit to violence, to denounce a perpetrator despite risk of retaliation, or to take justice into their own hands. The perceptions of conflict-affected communities are among the most important factors that peacekeeping operations and other external protection actors should consider when planning and conducting interventions to protect civilians from deliberate violence.

Corruption & Peacekeeping: Strengthening peacekeeping & the UN

Author(s): 
Transparency International UK
Date Published: 
October 9, 2013

Peacekeeping forces and missions need to be made more effective in highly corrupt environments. Recognising the impact that corruption has on a mission’s ability to implement its mandate, the OECD principle of ‘Do No Harm’ highlights the importance of the linkages between corruption and conflict in designing sustainable settlements (see box below). It also addresses the unintended impact international interventions can have in stimulating and sustaining corruption through, for instance, ineffective contracting and procurement practices.

Criminalizing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers

Author(s): 
Carla Ferstman
Date Published: 
August 29, 2013

Despite peacekeepers’ enormous contributions to and sacrifices for the cause of peace and security, they have increasingly been associated with sexual exploitation and abuse of the vulnerable populations they are mandated to protect. Tragically, they benefit from near total impunity. It is a reality that the presence of peacekeepers in countries with precarious legal and social structures can foster sexual exploitation and abuse.

Deploying the Best: Enhancing Training for United Nations Peacekeepers

Author(s): 
Alberto Cutillo
Date Published: 
August 29, 2013

Among the many elements that determine the success or failure of United Nations peacekeeping operations, the effectiveness of individual peacekeepers plays a prominent, though often underestimated, role. But “effectiveness” is an elusive concept. It is the product of a number of factors, ranging from the will of peacekeepers to the quality and suitability of their equipment; from timely deployment to strategic planning; from logistics to financial support.

Community Self-Protection Strategies: How Peacekeepers Can Help or Harm

Author(s): 
Aditi Gorur
Date Published: 
August 5, 2013

In the face of deliberate violence against civilians, communities often have no one to rely on for protection but themselves. These communities may pursue a wide variety of activities to counter, mitigate, deter or avoid threats. A diverse range of actors has recognized the importance of considering a community's self-protection strategies before intervening. These actors advise that external protection providers should ideally enhance these strategies as appropriate, or at least avoid undermining them.

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