Security Sector Reform

Op-Ed: UN’s options in Syria are poor to nonexistent

Published April 30, 2012 by The Globe and Mail, Canada
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From all-out war to vulnerable pairs of military observers in blue berets, the United Nations Security Council can authorize a full spectrum of intervention.  Observers, peacekeepers, peacemakers – the terms vary as do the mandates. And there is plenty of overlap. Outcomes vary, too.  Some UN missions, such as the traditional buffer-zone peacekeepers still patrolling a “Green Line” in Cyprus after a half-century, seem to become part of an imperfect solution.

Saving Somalia

Published April 24, 2012 by Foreign Policy
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MOGADISHU, Somalia — For the United Nations, the war-torn Somali capital is one of the ultimate "hardship posts." The U.N.'s few foreign employees based there are entitled to lucrative hazard stipends in exchange for living in one of the world's most dangerous cities. But for Turkish aid worker Orhan Erdogan, it is his family's home base.  Erdogan, a 45-year old veteran of crisis zones such as Darfur, moved from Istanbul to Mogadishu last August as the aid group he works for, Kimse Yok Mu, ramped up its efforts in response to the severe famine in the Horn of Africa.

DR Congo: Local Communities on the Front Line

Author(s): 
Erin Weir
Peter Orr
Date Published: 
April 25, 2012

The day-to-day reality for ordinary people in the Democratic Republic of Congo includes all of the following: latent insecurity, ongoing military operations, and systematic attacks by armed groups – including units of the Congolese military. The international community has been providing humanitarian assistance to the DRC for over a decade and a half, but the need remains acute. The local UN peacekeeping operation (MONUSCO) dedicates the majority of its scarce resources to the protection of civilians, and will need to maintain this critical effort for the foreseeable future.

Strengthening Preventive Diplomacy and Mediation: Istanbul Retreat of UNSC

Author(s): 
Arthur Boutellis
Christoph Mikulaschek
Date Published: 
April 11, 2012

In early July 2011, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey hosted an informal retreat

From Afghanistan, the countdown to 2014

Published April 7, 2012 by Reuters
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The dusty streets of Kabul are choked with traffic, restaurants selling American fast food are bustling and there is a crowd of students and parents outside a girls’ school in the centre of town trying to slip through the shuttered gates at the start of the school year.  Returning to Kabul for the first time since December, there was no sense that the mood on the ground had changed significantly. But I couldn’t help wondering how all this might change once foreign troops who have propped up the Afghan state for more than a decade leave in 2014.

Defending Afghanistan: are Afghan forces ready?

Published April 9, 2012 by Christian Science Monitor
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The dirt roads through Balaqala in the Charhasya Valley south of Kabul are oozy with mud after recent rains, and the fruit trees just beyond low earthen walls are about to blossom and demand tending. Still, many of the village's 1,000 inhabitants have come out to hear what Brig. Gen. Said Abdul Karim, commander of the Afghan National Army Special Operations Command, has to say about the 15 Afghan elite troops who have set up camp in a nearby empty farmhouse.

Security Sector Reform in Tunisia: A Year after the Jasmine Revolution

Author(s): 
Querine Hanlon
Date Published: 
March 30, 2012

The U.S. Institute of Peace Security Sector Governance Center is engaged in a funded study of the prospects for security sector reform in North Africa. In January 2012, Querine Hanlon, Daniel Brumberg, and Robert Perito traveled to Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. This report is the first in a series of country-focused reports on security sector reform in North Africa.

Summary: 

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