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Briefing Paper: Annual Review of Global Peace Operations 2012

Date Published: 
March 16, 2012

The past year could have been a disastrous one for U.N. peacekeeping. Twelve months ago, Côte d’Ivoire appeared to be on the brink of renewed civil war in spite of the presence there of United Nations and French forces. South Sudan’s vote for independence in January 2011 also had the potential to unleash mass violence. From Haiti to Liberia to the Democratic Republic of Congo, peacekeepers were charged with overseeing elections that might have resulted in significant instability.

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Peace Operations Partnerships: The UN Security Council and (Sub-)Regional Organizations

Author(s): 
Mauricio Artiñano
Date Published: 
March 16, 2012

Since the end of the Cold War, the UN Security Council has consistently partnered with regional and subregional organizations around the world within the framework of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter, including through the authorization of peace operations by these organizations. Enhanced consultation and more fluid interaction between the Council and regional organizations can have an immediate impact on the successful conduct of peace operations on the ground and would also improve long-term trust and cooperation between the Council and its partners.

UN Integration and Humanitarian Space

Author(s): 
Victoria Metcalfe
Alison Giffen
Samir Elhawary
Date Published: 
March 12, 2012

For over two decades, the United Nations has sought to create greater coherence within the UN system. UN integration is part of this push - an attempt to maximise the impact of UN efforts to consolidate peace in conflict and post-conflict states.  The benefits and risks of UN integration for humanitarian action have been subject to intense debate. Some UN humanitarian staff, and many staff in non-UN humanitarian organisations, remain sceptical that UN integration can benefit humanitarian action.

UN proposes budget cuts in peacekeeping operations

Published February 25, 2012 by Sudan Tribune
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February 25, 2012 (JUBA) - The United Nations (UN) has proposed a 7.8% reduction in its global peacekeeping operations citing the difficult financial situation of several member countries, a senior official said.

Interview: The "Responsibility To Protect" In Syria And Beyond

Published February 6, 2012 by Talk of the Nation, National Public Radio
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After the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, world leaders vowed that such mass atrocities could never be allowed to happen again. In 2005, the U.N. adopted the Responsibility to Protect, a set of principles to guide the response of the international community if a government fails to protect its population.

UN to cut peacekeeping bill

Published February 9, 2012 by Independent Online, South Africa
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The United Nations hopes to cut one billion dollars off its peacekeeping budget this year as it seeks to close or shrink many missions, a top UN official said Wednesday.  With major powers pressing for spending cuts, the East Timor peacekeeping mission is expected to close by the end of 2012 and Haiti, Liberia and possibly Darfur could face reductions, said Herve Ladsous, the head of UN peacekeeping.

UN Mediation and the Politics of Transition after Constitutional Crises

Author(s): 
Charles T. Call
Date Published: 
February 22, 2012

While the United Nations has extensive experience in helping to mediate the end to civil wars and implement peace agreements, its experience with non-civil-war transition crises is comparatively limited. This study examines the UN experience in five cases of unconstitutional changes in government between 2008-2011: Kenya, Mauritania, Guinea, Madagascar, and Kyrgyzstan.  The study examines some of the trends across these five cases, drawing lessons learned regarding transitional political arrangements and international mediation.

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