Peacekeeping Reports

Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.

Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.

The Latest Reports

  • Community Self-Protection Strategies: How Peacekeepers Can Help or Harm
    By Aditi Gorur
    Published August 5, 2013

    In the face of deliberate violence against civilians, communities often have no one to rely on for protection but themselves. These communities may pursue a wide variety of activities to counter, mitigate, deter or avoid threats. A diverse range of actors has recognized the importance of considering a community's self-protection strategies before intervening. These actors advise that external protection providers should ideally enhance these strategies as appropriate, or at least avoid undermining them. However, protection providers such as United Nations peacekeeping operations are still grappling with how best to accomplish this goal and, as a result, run the risk of endangering the communities they seek to protect.

    This brief aims to contribute to what is currently known about self-protection strategies and to raise questions about how peacekeepers can safely and effectively support those strategies. It does not aim to make recommendations about specific actions that peacekeeping operations should pursue, but rather presents options for exploration by peacekeeping operations and for future studies. It is part of a series of publications from a three-year project which explores how external protection actors can safely and effectively engage conflict-affected communities in external protection strategies.

    African Union Peacekeeping, NATO & EU Peacekeeping, Protection of Civilians, All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted August 5, 2013
  • Peace Operations in Africa: Lessons Learned Since 2000
    By Paul Williams
    Published July 25, 2013

    Violent conflict and the power of armed nonstate actors remain defining priorities in 21st century Africa. Organized violence has killed millions and displaced many more, leaving them to run the gauntlet of violence,disease, and malnutrition. Such violence has also traumatized a generation of children and young adults,broken bonds of trust and authority structures among and across local communities, shattered education andhealthcare systems, disrupted transportation routes and infrastructure, and done untold damage to the continent’s ecology from its land and waterways to its flora and fauna. In financial terms, the direct and indirect cost of conflicts in Africa since 2000 has been estimated to be nearly $900 billion. The twin policy challenges are to promote conflict resolution processes and to identify who can stand up to armed nonstate actors when the host government’s security forces prove inadequate.

    Africa | Posted July 25, 2013
  • Not Just a Numbers Game: Increasing Women’s Participation in UN Peacekeeping
    By Sahana Dharmapuri
    Published July 23, 2013

    Dharmapuri argues that the focus on increasing the numbers of female uniformed personnel has obscured the equally important goal of integrating a gender perspective into the work of peace operations. Both goals have gone unmet due to three core issues: the lack of understanding about SCR 1325 and the UN policy on gender equality in peace operations; a gap in data and analysis about women’s participation in national security institutions globally and in UN peacekeeping in particular; and the prevalence of social norms and biases which promote gender inequality within the security sector.

    UN Peace Operations | Posted July 23, 2013
  • The UN Intervention Brigade in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Published July 11, 2013

    After nearly fourteen years of peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the United Nations established a new, more aggressive kind of force for the conflict-stricken nation in March 2013: the Intervention Brigade. Situated within the existing United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), this offensive combat force is designed to break the persistent cycles of violence in DRC and protect civilians by carrying out targeted operations to neutralize rebel forces.

    Africa, UN Peace Operations | Posted July 11, 2013
  • Natural Resource Management and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan
    Published June 25, 2013

    Decades of conflict and instability have had a devastating impact on Afghanistan’s people, economyand environment. But while international attention focuses on the on-going insurgency and conflict between the Afghan national security forces supported by international military forces and a disparate group of anti-government armed groups, at any given time there are numerous conflicts happening at different scales and intensities. Disputes over the management of natural resources such as land, water, timber, minerals and drugs, underlie and drive many of these conflicts, and often serve to exacerbate existing ethnic, political andregional divisions.

    Posted June 25, 2013
  • The Elephant in the Room: How Can Peace Operations Deal with Organized Crime?
    By Walter Kemp, Mark Shaw and Arthur Boutellis
    Published June 25, 2013

    Organized crime is now a threat to international peace and security in almost every theater where the United Nations has peacekeeping, peacebuilding, or special political missions. And yet, as demonstrated in this report, of the current twenty-eight UN peace operations, less than half have mandates related to organized crime, and those that do are not well-equipped or wellprepared to face this threat. This undermines theinternational community’s attempts to reduce vulnerability and increase stability in crime-riddled danger zones from Afghanistan to Kosovo, and from Mali to Somalia. Furthermore, the UN Secretary-General has called for crime prevention strategies to be “mainstreamed” into the work of the United Nations, yet this does not yet seem to be occurring.

    UN Peace Operations | Posted July 18, 2013
  • In the Eye of the Beholder? The UN and the Use of Drones to Protect Civilians
    By John Karlsrud and Frederik Rosen
    Published June 21, 2013

    The debate on the UN’s possible use of drones for peacekeeping took a turn in 2013 when the Security Council granted the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) permission to contract surveillance drones for MONUSCO, its peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This article examines what drone capability may entail for UN peacekeeping missions.

    UN Peace Operations | Posted July 9, 2013
  • South Sudan: Investigating Sexual Violence in Conflict Proves Challenging
    By Marcy Hersh
    Published June 17, 2013

    In 2009/10, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolutions 1888 and 1960 establishing Women’s Protection Advisors (WPAs). These officials are tasked with building capacity to address conflict-related sexual violence within UN peacekeeping missions and reporting incidents for the monitoring and reporting arrangements as a basis for Security Council action against perpetrators. Today, six WPAs are assigned to the United Nations Mission in South Sudan. The rollout of WPAs in that country has been marked by recruitment delays and training gaps which have ultimately led to poor practice in data collection, endangering sexual violence survivors.

    Africa | Posted June 27, 2013

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