Recognizing the contribution of UN peacekeeping to the achievement of our strategic objectives, as outlined in the 2010 National Security Strategy, the U.S. should strengthen the UN’s ability to deploy robust, appropriately-funded peacekeeping operations to address complex conflict situations. Specifically, the U.S. should continue to show positive leadership through reliable and adequate financial support; back the implementation of necessary UN institutional reforms; commit key enabling equipment and other resources; and ensure that peacekeeping is not weakened or discredited through irresponsible deployments.
Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.
Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.
The Latest Reports
The Role of the U.S. in UN Peacekeeping OperationsPublished January 1, 2013
UN Peacekeeping: The Next Five YearsPublished November 30, 2012
This paper, commissioned by the Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations, analyzes current trends in United Nations peacekeeping and makes predictions about the development of UN operations over the next five years (to 2017). It covers (i) the changing global context for UN operations and efforts to enhance the organization‟s performance over the last five years; (ii) trends in troop and police contributions; (iii) projections about potential demand for UN forces in various regions, especially the Middle East and Africa, in the next five years and (iv) suggestions about the types of contributions European countries such as Denmark can make to reinforce UN missions in this period.
Contracting the Commanders: Transition and the Political Economy of Afghanistan’s Private Security IndustryPublished October 23, 2012
Over the past decade the United States and the international community have funded an unprecedented private security industry in Afghanistan. As a result, this industry has become entangled with the Afghan political economy, as international spending has been implicated in funding informal armed groups and commanders. Considerable uncertainty remains as Afghanistan approaches the 2014 deadline for assuming national security responsibilities. Matthieu Aikins argues that with the expected decrease in international aid and changes in the national economy, future stability of Afghanistan depends on ensuring a political settlement among the country's diverse powerbrokers and networks.
Local to Global ProtectionPublished October 16, 2012
Promoting local perspectives in humanitarian crises Local to Global Protection (L2GP) is an initiative intended to document and promote local perspectives on protection in major humanitarian crises.
Based on studies in Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, South Sudan and Zimbabwe, the L2GP initiative explores what people living in areas affected by natural disasters and complex emergencies do to protect themselves. The studies also describe how people and communities perceive the protection efforts undertaken by others such as local authorities, UN, NGOs, etc.
Broadening the Base of United Nations Troop- and Police-Contributing CountriesPublished September 13, 2012
This report represents the first of a series of publications stemming from the Providing for Peacekeeping project, a partnership with IPI, Griffith University, and the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.
The report analyzes the practical steps needed to broaden the base of UN troop- and police-contributing countries. It identifies current trends, summarizes the main reasons why states contribute to UN missions, examines factors that might inhibit contributions, identifies potential future major contributors, and addresses some of the major challenges facing the UN as it seeks to find more high-quality peacekeepers.
The paper concludes with recommendations on how the UN might begin to “expand the pool” of contributing countries and improve overall peacekeeping capabilities. Specifically the report makes recommendations regarding how the UN may:
- Provide incentives to encourage more than token troop contributions;
- Improve public diplomacy for UN peacekeeping;
- Improve the way that requests for police and troops are made; and
- Strengthen strategic analysis of TCC/PCCs and develop long-term force-generation strategies.
UN Peacekeeping Transitions: Perspectives from Member StatesPublished September 13, 2012
This issue brief addresses the nature and timing of peacekeeping transitions, paying particular attention to the perspectives of UN member states and decisions by the Security Council. In light of the impending drawdown or reconfiguration of a number of peacekeeping missions, it identifies a resurgent interest among member states in the challenges posed by peacekeeping transitions.
Preventing Conflicts in Africa: Early Warning and ResponsePublished September 13, 2012
In the wake of the crises in Mali and Guinea-Bissau in 2012, IPI co-organized a meeting with the Permanent Missions of South Africa and Azerbaijan to address the role and effectiveness of regional and international early-warning and response mechanisms.This meeting note summarizes the discussion at the meeting. In particular it analyzes the AU’s Continental Early Warning System, the UN’s root-cause approach, national early-warning structures in Ghana and Kenya, the role of civil society, and the challenges of adopting a timely response.
DR Congo: M23 Rebels Committing War CrimesPublished September 11, 2012
M23 rebels in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo are responsible for widespread war crimes, including summary executions, rapes, and forced recruitment. Thirty-three of those executed were young men and boys who tried to escape the rebels’ ranks. Rwandan officials may be complicit in war crimes through their continued military assistance to M23 forces, Human Rights Watch said. The Rwandan army has deployed its troops to eastern Congo to directly support the M23 rebels in military operations. Human Rights Watch based its findings on interviews with 190 Congolese and Rwandan victims, family members, witnesses, local authorities, and current or former M23 fighters between May and September.
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