Peacekeeping Reports

Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.

Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.

The Latest Reports

  • Police in UN Peacekeeping: Improving Selection, Recruitment, and Deployment
    By William J. Durch and Michelle Ker
    Published November 8, 2013

    In the past two decades, United Nations police (UNPOL) have become an increasingly visible and important part of UN peacekeeping. Second only to military peacekeepers in numbers, about 12,600 UN police served in UN peace operations in mid-2013. Their roles have evolved over the decades from observing and reporting to mentoring, training, reforming, operating alongside, and occasionally standing in for local police as a post-war government is re-established with international help.

    Authorized numbers of UN police increased by at least 25 percent per year from 2003 through 2007, outpacing the UN Secretariat's capacities for supportive strategic planning and doctrine, selection, and recruitment, while vacancy rates for UN police in missions rose above 30 percent. In this paper, we discuss selection, recruitment, and deployment issues for UN police that are being addressed but are not fully resolved.

    Security Sector Reform, All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted November 12, 2013
  • Community Perceptions as a Priority in Protection and Peacekeeping
    By Alison Giffen
    Published October 17, 2013

    Perceptions influence judgment, decision-making and action. They inform an individual’s decision to flee from or submit to violence, to denounce a perpetrator despite risk of retaliation, or to take justice into their own hands. The perceptions of conflict-affected communities are among the most important factors that peacekeeping operations and other external protection actors should consider when planning and conducting interventions to protect civilians from deliberate violence.

    This is the second in a series of the Stimson Center's Civilians in Conflict Issue Briefs, which address knowledge gaps that undermine strategies to protect civilians. The first Issue Brief, "Community Self-Protection Strategies, How Peacekeepers Can Help or Harm," explores how communities protect themselves and why this is important in protection planning. A download of this issue brief can be found to the right.

    Africa, All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted October 17, 2013
  • Peacekeeping without Accountability: The United Nations' Responsibility for the Haitian Cholera epidemic
    By Rosalyn Chan MD, MPH, Tassity Johnson, Charanya Krishnaswami, Samuel Oliker-Friedland and Celso Perez Carballo
    Published October 15, 2013

    This report addresses the responsibility of the United Nations (U.N.) for the cholera epidemic in Haiti—one of the largest cholera epidemics in modern history. The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the evidence that the U.N. brought cholera to Haiti, relevant international legal and humanitarian standards necessary to understand U.N. accountability, and steps that the U.N. and other key national and international actors must take to rectify this harm. Despite overwhelming evidence linking the U.N. Mission for the Stabilization in Haiti (MINUSTAH) to the outbreak, the U.N. has denied responsibility for causing the epidemic. The organization has refused to adjudicate legal claims from cholera victims or to otherwise remedy the harms they have suffered. By causing the epidemic and then refusing to provide redress to those affected, the U.N. has breached its commitments to the Government of Haiti, its obligations under international law, and principles of humanitarian relief. Now, nearly four years after the epidemic began, the U.N. is leading efforts to eliminate cholera but has still not taken responsibility for its own actions. As new infections continue to mount, accountability for the U.N.’s failures in Haiti is as important as ever.

    Americas, UN Peace Operations | Posted October 18, 2013
  • Corruption & Peacekeeping: Strengthening peacekeeping & the UN
    By Transparency International UK
    Published October 9, 2013

    Peacekeeping forces and missions need to be made more effective in highly corrupt environments. Recognising the impact that corruption has on a mission’s ability to implement its mandate, the OECD principle of ‘Do No Harm’ highlights the importance of the linkages between corruption and conflict in designing sustainable settlements (see box below). It also addresses the unintended impact international interventions can have in stimulating and sustaining corruption through, for instance, ineffective contracting and procurement practices.

    All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted October 10, 2013
  • Deploying the Best: Enhancing Training for United Nations Peacekeepers
    By Alberto Cutillo
    Published August 29, 2013

    Among the many elements that determine the success or failure of United Nations peacekeeping operations, the effectiveness of individual peacekeepers plays a prominent, though often underestimated, role. But “effectiveness” is an elusive concept. It is the product of a number of factors, ranging from the will of peacekeepers to the quality and suitability of their equipment; from timely deployment to strategic planning; from logistics to financial support. Ongoing efforts to improve the effectiveness of UN peacekeeping cover all these areas and more, including training, as a means to ensure that UN peacekeepers are adequately prepared to accomplish their tasks.

    All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted September 12, 2013
  • Criminalizing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers
    By Carla Ferstman
    Published August 29, 2013

    Despite peacekeepers’ enormous contributions to and sacrifices for the cause of peace and security, they have increasingly been associated with sexual exploitation and abuse of the vulnerable populations they are mandated to protect. Tragically, they benefit from near total impunity. It is a reality that the presence of peacekeepers in countries with precarious legal and social structures can foster sexual exploitation and abuse.

    In countries as diverse as Angola, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), East Timor, Eritrea, Kosovo, Liberia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, and Somalia, numerous examples of rape, pedophilia, prostitution, and other forms of sexual exploitation and abuse have come to light in recent decades. The effect of such abuses is stark. Not only is it a direct one for the most vulnerable segments of society, its ramifications for the reputation of peacekeeping initiatives and the UN generally are also extremely wide, potentially impeding the organization from successfully carrying out other aspects of its mission.

    All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted September 12, 2013
  • Community Self-Protection Strategies: How Peacekeepers Can Help or Harm
    By Aditi Gorur
    Published August 5, 2013

    In the face of deliberate violence against civilians, communities often have no one to rely on for protection but themselves. These communities may pursue a wide variety of activities to counter, mitigate, deter or avoid threats. A diverse range of actors has recognized the importance of considering a community's self-protection strategies before intervening. These actors advise that external protection providers should ideally enhance these strategies as appropriate, or at least avoid undermining them. However, protection providers such as United Nations peacekeeping operations are still grappling with how best to accomplish this goal and, as a result, run the risk of endangering the communities they seek to protect.

    This brief aims to contribute to what is currently known about self-protection strategies and to raise questions about how peacekeepers can safely and effectively support those strategies. It does not aim to make recommendations about specific actions that peacekeeping operations should pursue, but rather presents options for exploration by peacekeeping operations and for future studies. It is part of a series of publications from a three-year project which explores how external protection actors can safely and effectively engage conflict-affected communities in external protection strategies.

    African Union Peacekeeping, NATO & EU Peacekeeping, Protection of Civilians, All Regions, UN Peace Operations | Posted August 5, 2013
  • Peace Operations in Africa: Lessons Learned Since 2000
    By Paul Williams
    Published July 25, 2013

    Violent conflict and the power of armed nonstate actors remain defining priorities in 21st century Africa. Organized violence has killed millions and displaced many more, leaving them to run the gauntlet of violence,disease, and malnutrition. Such violence has also traumatized a generation of children and young adults,broken bonds of trust and authority structures among and across local communities, shattered education andhealthcare systems, disrupted transportation routes and infrastructure, and done untold damage to the continent’s ecology from its land and waterways to its flora and fauna. In financial terms, the direct and indirect cost of conflicts in Africa since 2000 has been estimated to be nearly $900 billion. The twin policy challenges are to promote conflict resolution processes and to identify who can stand up to armed nonstate actors when the host government’s security forces prove inadequate.

    Africa | Posted July 25, 2013

Privacy Policy  |  Sitemap  |  Contact Us  |  Submit Content

The Partnership for Effective Peacekeeping is a project of Refugees International, Citizens for Global Solutions and Better World Campaign. Refugees International serves as the secretariat for the PEP.

The Partnership for Effective Peacekeeping • 2001 S St NW, Suite 700 • Washington, DC • 20009
202-540-7014 • Fax: 202-828-0819 • 

Copyright © Refugees International. All Rights Reserved.
Built by Firefly Partners firefly