This chapter is part of Top Five Reasons Africa Should be a Priority for the United States. African countries face various security challenges from violent extremist organizations, which are inextricably linked to U.S. national security. In a complex and globalized security environment, having strong and capable partners on the African continent to tackle transnational challenges advances U.S. national security interests. In this regard, the growing capabilities of African countries to respond to regional security challenges are an asset to the United States. Globally, African nations account for 10 out of the top 20 contributors to United Nations peacekeeping missions. Furthermore, African countries and the regional organizations to which they belong are starting to play a larger role in leading peacekeeping operations on the continent through the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the possible African-led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA).
Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.
Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.
The Latest Reports
Advancing Peace and Security in AfricaPublished April 3, 2013
Promoting Peace in the Post-2015 Framework: The Role of Rising PowersPublished February 1, 2013
The international consultations underway to set out a new development framework post-2015 present an opportunity to reassess and refresh policy approaches to conflict- affected states. For this to be effective, rising powers, such as China, India, and Brazil, must be involved in and contribute to the debate. There is now a real opportunity to develop a legitimate global framework for conflict-affected states, traditional donors, rising powers, and others to agree on a set of genuinely shared goals and indicators that can guide their engagement and facilitate greater cooperation, coordination, and coherence.
Enhancing European Military and Police Contributions to UN PeacekeepingPublished February 1, 2013
Demand for United Nations peacekeeping has been a consistent feature of the post–Cold War internationalpeace and security agenda. Today, the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations manages sixteen missionsacross the globe, using more than 80,000 troops, more than 13,000 police, and nearly 2,000 military observers,in addition to approximately 20,000 civilian personnel.
Peace, Justice, and Reconciliation in AfricaPublished January 31, 2013
Ending impunity and promoting justice and reconciliation reflect core objectives underpinning the African Union. Amid renewed debate about justice and peace on the African continent, this report investigates the issue of impunity and its relationship with peace, justice, reconciliation, and healing. The report proposes a draft Policy Framework on Transitional Justice for adoption by the relevant organs of the AU and recommends an advocacy role for the Panel of the Wise in promoting and reinforcing guiding principles on the rule of law and transitional justice across the African continent.
Building Police Institutions in Fragile StatesPublished January 18, 2013
The aim of this report is to look at what the United States has been doing to help reform or transform the police in three African states: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and South Sudan. It provides recommendations of what could be done better, or differently, based on an assumption that the federal budget for overseas policing will remain small. The findings are based on meetings with policymakers and other experts in Washington, D.C., as well as interviews with program implementers, government officials, police, and civil society representatives in all three countries.
The Role of the U.S. in UN Peacekeeping OperationsPublished January 1, 2013
Recognizing the contribution of UN peacekeeping to the achievement of our strategic objectives, as outlined in the 2010 National Security Strategy, the U.S. should strengthen the UN’s ability to deploy robust, appropriately-funded peacekeeping operations to address complex conflict situations. Specifically, the U.S. should continue to show positive leadership through reliable and adequate financial support; back the implementation of necessary UN institutional reforms; commit key enabling equipment and other resources; and ensure that peacekeeping is not weakened or discredited through irresponsible deployments.
UN Peacekeeping: The Next Five YearsPublished November 30, 2012
This paper, commissioned by the Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations, analyzes current trends in United Nations peacekeeping and makes predictions about the development of UN operations over the next five years (to 2017). It covers (i) the changing global context for UN operations and efforts to enhance the organization‟s performance over the last five years; (ii) trends in troop and police contributions; (iii) projections about potential demand for UN forces in various regions, especially the Middle East and Africa, in the next five years and (iv) suggestions about the types of contributions European countries such as Denmark can make to reinforce UN missions in this period.
Contracting the Commanders: Transition and the Political Economy of Afghanistan’s Private Security IndustryPublished October 23, 2012
Over the past decade the United States and the international community have funded an unprecedented private security industry in Afghanistan. As a result, this industry has become entangled with the Afghan political economy, as international spending has been implicated in funding informal armed groups and commanders. Considerable uncertainty remains as Afghanistan approaches the 2014 deadline for assuming national security responsibilities. Matthieu Aikins argues that with the expected decrease in international aid and changes in the national economy, future stability of Afghanistan depends on ensuring a political settlement among the country's diverse powerbrokers and networks.