Dharmapuri argues that the focus on increasing the numbers of female uniformed personnel has obscured the equally important goal of integrating a gender perspective into the work of peace operations. Both goals have gone unmet due to three core issues: the lack of understanding about SCR 1325 and the UN policy on gender equality in peace operations; a gap in data and analysis about women’s participation in national security institutions globally and in UN peacekeeping in particular; and the prevalence of social norms and biases which promote gender inequality within the security sector.
Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.
Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.
The Latest Reports
Not Just a Numbers Game: Increasing Women’s Participation in UN PeacekeepingPublished July 23, 2013
The UN Intervention Brigade in the Democratic Republic of the CongoPublished July 11, 2013
After nearly fourteen years of peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the United Nations established a new, more aggressive kind of force for the conflict-stricken nation in March 2013: the Intervention Brigade. Situated within the existing United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), this offensive combat force is designed to break the persistent cycles of violence in DRC and protect civilians by carrying out targeted operations to neutralize rebel forces.
Natural Resource Management and Peacebuilding in AfghanistanPublished June 25, 2013
Decades of conflict and instability have had a devastating impact on Afghanistan’s people, economyand environment. But while international attention focuses on the on-going insurgency and conflict between the Afghan national security forces supported by international military forces and a disparate group of anti-government armed groups, at any given time there are numerous conflicts happening at different scales and intensities. Disputes over the management of natural resources such as land, water, timber, minerals and drugs, underlie and drive many of these conflicts, and often serve to exacerbate existing ethnic, political andregional divisions.
The Elephant in the Room: How Can Peace Operations Deal with Organized Crime?Published June 25, 2013
Organized crime is now a threat to international peace and security in almost every theater where the United Nations has peacekeeping, peacebuilding, or special political missions. And yet, as demonstrated in this report, of the current twenty-eight UN peace operations, less than half have mandates related to organized crime, and those that do are not well-equipped or wellprepared to face this threat. This undermines theinternational community’s attempts to reduce vulnerability and increase stability in crime-riddled danger zones from Afghanistan to Kosovo, and from Mali to Somalia. Furthermore, the UN Secretary-General has called for crime prevention strategies to be “mainstreamed” into the work of the United Nations, yet this does not yet seem to be occurring.
In the Eye of the Beholder? The UN and the Use of Drones to Protect CiviliansPublished June 21, 2013
The debate on the UN’s possible use of drones for peacekeeping took a turn in 2013 when the Security Council granted the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) permission to contract surveillance drones for MONUSCO, its peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This article examines what drone capability may entail for UN peacekeeping missions.
South Sudan: Investigating Sexual Violence in Conflict Proves ChallengingPublished June 17, 2013
In 2009/10, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolutions 1888 and 1960 establishing Women’s Protection Advisors (WPAs). These officials are tasked with building capacity to address conflict-related sexual violence within UN peacekeeping missions and reporting incidents for the monitoring and reporting arrangements as a basis for Security Council action against perpetrators. Today, six WPAs are assigned to the United Nations Mission in South Sudan. The rollout of WPAs in that country has been marked by recruitment delays and training gaps which have ultimately led to poor practice in data collection, endangering sexual violence survivors.
Peacekeeping 2014: An Agenda for Enhanced EffectivenessPublished June 5, 2013
The countries comprising the International Security Assistance Force are preparing for the post-2014 drawdown from Afghanistan in the midst of global financial austerity. Such fiscal and political constraints compel traditional peacekeeping contributors to retreat from their international role, creating a vacuum of leadership and a desire in the U.N. for new contributors. At the same time, international leaders are debating how to stop further bloodshed in Syria, ramping up intervention in Mali, and facing new and complex threats in places like Guinea-Bissau. Additionally, the U.N. needs to reappraise the “Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations,” known as the Brahimi Report, in light of the modern challenges facing U.N. Peacekeeping Operations (PKOs). The time is ripe to discuss how to make PKOs more effective at addressing the increasinglycomplex nature and multivariate types of international security needs.
Trends in Uniformed Contributions to UN Peacekeeping: A New Dataset, 1991–2012Published June 1, 2013
Trends in Uniformed Contributions to UN Peacekeeping: A New Dataset, 1991–2012, by Chris Perry and Adam Smith, is the third paper of the PPP thematic study series. The report introduces the new IPI Peacekeeping Database, identifies key trends in contributions to UN peacekeeping over the past two decades, and suggests opportunities for further research using this online dataset.