The countries comprising the International Security Assistance Force are preparing for the post-2014 drawdown from Afghanistan in the midst of global financial austerity. Such fiscal and political constraints compel traditional peacekeeping contributors to retreat from their international role, creating a vacuum of leadership and a desire in the U.N. for new contributors. At the same time, international leaders are debating how to stop further bloodshed in Syria, ramping up intervention in Mali, and facing new and complex threats in places like Guinea-Bissau. Additionally, the U.N. needs to reappraise the “Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations,” known as the Brahimi Report, in light of the modern challenges facing U.N. Peacekeeping Operations (PKOs). The time is ripe to discuss how to make PKOs more effective at addressing the increasinglycomplex nature and multivariate types of international security needs.
Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.
Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.
The Latest Reports
Peacekeeping 2014: An Agenda for Enhanced EffectivenessPublished June 5, 2013
Trends in Uniformed Contributions to UN Peacekeeping: A New Dataset, 1991–2012Published June 1, 2013
Trends in Uniformed Contributions to UN Peacekeeping: A New Dataset, 1991–2012, by Chris Perry and Adam Smith, is the third paper of the PPP thematic study series. The report introduces the new IPI Peacekeeping Database, identifies key trends in contributions to UN peacekeeping over the past two decades, and suggests opportunities for further research using this online dataset.
Rethinking Force Generation: Filling Capability Gaps in UN PeacekeepingPublished May 8, 2013
Force generation is the process by which the UN Secretariat generates, rotates, and repatriates contributions of military and police personnel and equipment from member states, based on the requirements derived for each peace operation from its UN Security Council resolution. At the UN, force generation is a time-intensive, complex process that must be completed with great speed. It is based on plans developed without a precise understanding of the capabilities available to operationalize those plans. It is a highly technical process requiring intricate knowledge and careful logistics that must also be cognizant of—and sometimes subordinate to—politics. It requires deep institutional knowledge, but is largely conducted by military staff seconded from UN member states for only limited periods of time. Such contradictions highlight the political, bureaucratic, and logistical challenges to effective force generation that are systemic—and, in some cases, unavoidable.
Peace Operations, the African Union, and the United Nations: Toward More Effective PartnershipsPublished April 25, 2013
Both the United Nations (UN) Security Council and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) have a vested interest in conducting more effective peace operations in Africa. Both councils want to build on the various UN-AU peace and security coordination mechanisms that have been established since 2006 and support the implementation of the AU’s principle of “non-indifference.” In many respects, considerable progress has been made with the UN and AU enjoying a deep, multidimensional and maturing relationship. Yet disagreements remain over how best to respond to particular peace and security challenges in Africa, and the AU still suffers from important capability gaps with respect to peace operations.
The Security Council and the UN Peacebuilding CommissionPublished April 18, 2013
This Special Research Report examines the work of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC)—a relatively recent addition to the UN system—mainly in the country-specific contexts of its work: Sierra Leone, Burundi, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau, Central African Republic and Guinea. It will strive to provide new insights into the important issue of Security Council working methods based on how the Council interacts with the work of the PBC and absorbs this relationship into the broader focus of the Council.
Advancing Peace and Security in AfricaPublished April 3, 2013
This chapter is part of Top Five Reasons Africa Should be a Priority for the United States. African countries face various security challenges from violent extremist organizations, which are inextricably linked to U.S. national security. In a complex and globalized security environment, having strong and capable partners on the African continent to tackle transnational challenges advances U.S. national security interests. In this regard, the growing capabilities of African countries to respond to regional security challenges are an asset to the United States. Globally, African nations account for 10 out of the top 20 contributors to United Nations peacekeeping missions. Furthermore, African countries and the regional organizations to which they belong are starting to play a larger role in leading peacekeeping operations on the continent through the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the possible African-led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA).
Promoting Peace in the Post-2015 Framework: The Role of Rising PowersPublished February 1, 2013
The international consultations underway to set out a new development framework post-2015 present an opportunity to reassess and refresh policy approaches to conflict- affected states. For this to be effective, rising powers, such as China, India, and Brazil, must be involved in and contribute to the debate. There is now a real opportunity to develop a legitimate global framework for conflict-affected states, traditional donors, rising powers, and others to agree on a set of genuinely shared goals and indicators that can guide their engagement and facilitate greater cooperation, coordination, and coherence.
Enhancing European Military and Police Contributions to UN PeacekeepingPublished February 1, 2013
Demand for United Nations peacekeeping has been a consistent feature of the post–Cold War internationalpeace and security agenda. Today, the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations manages sixteen missionsacross the globe, using more than 80,000 troops, more than 13,000 police, and nearly 2,000 military observers,in addition to approximately 20,000 civilian personnel.